Download A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century by Susan Piddock PDF

By Susan Piddock

The heritage of lunatic asylums – what will we rather learn about them? movies and tv courses have portrayed them as locations of horror the place the sufferers are confined and left to hear the cries in their fellow inmates in depression. yet what used to be the realm of 19th century lunatic asylums relatively like? Are those pictures precise? This booklet will discover this international utilizing the strategies of historic archaeology and historical past.

In the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries the arrival of latest remedies for madness in accordance with ethical treatment and non-restraint, and an expanding social knowledge of the stipulations during which the insane have been being saved ended in a brand new specialise in the provisions made for the insane in “madhouses”, lunatic asylums and hospitals. according to this new concentration these drawn to the reform of those locations and the recent therapy regimes started to describe what lunatic asylums might be in the event that they have been going to convey the insane again to sanity. during this booklet a brand new technique is built utilizing those descriptions because the foundation of a chain of ‘ideal’ asylum types. A comparability of those ‘ideal’ asylums to the lunatic asylums in-built England, South Australia and Tasmania permits us to go into the realm of the 19th century asylum, and to appreciate the consequences of attaining or failing to accomplish the ‘ideal’ asylum on existence inside those places.

Through the case reviews of britain, South Australia, and Tasmania, this e-book seeks to spot the forces at paintings inside of every one society that resulted in the actual provisions being made for the insane in each one position. will probably be argued that the adoption of the ‘ideal’ asylum positive factors should be at once regarding a couple of key components, those have been: entry to a pool of information approximately lunatic asylum layout; fiscal constraints; the therapy mode followed; and social perceptions of who was once to be accommodated within the asylum - paupers, the center type, the better type, or convicts.

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Additional info for A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century Lunatic Asylums in Britain, South Australia and Tasmania

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The relationship between documents and material culture is never an easy one. The existence of documents relating to a site may limit the questions asked, especially if they are the only source of questions asked of the material remains we discover, an approach which has been defined as the handmaiden approach relegating archaeology to a sub-discipline of history (Hardesty 2001: 23). Other approaches to the relationship between documents and the archaeological record are possible. As Leone and Potter indicate, two commonly used methods linking the documentary record and archaeological finds - excavating and using the documents to identify the finds, and beginning with a history based on documents then excavating to fill in the gaps - places any discrepancies between the documents and the material culture to one side and labels them as exceptions (Leone and Potter 1988: 12, 14).

The ‘ideal’ asylum models then form a descriptive framework of various features against which the rooms and spaces provided in the built asylums could be compared. The presence of matches or non-matches could then be used as a way of accessing information about life in the asylums, and as a force for generating new questions as to why the asylums did or did not reach the ‘ideal’. Sources of Information: Built Asylums in England As indicated above, data sets about the actually built asylums needed to be compiled to allow the questions posed in the research design to be answered.

By allowing some kind of activity, whether work or amusement, the mind was distracted from its cares, and the monotony of asylum life was broken. Above all, the patient was not to be forced into any activity before they were ready (Conolly 1856: 67, 71, 73). In place of restraints, a padded room was used for patients who were experiencing a manic episode or were disruptive, or distressed in some other way. Alternatively, the patient was allowed to retire to their room for quiet time or walk alone in the airing court (Conolly 1856: 42 & 44).

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