By Rachel Kranz
Probably the most debatable political problems with the earlier 3 a long time has been the query of affirmative motion. The word used to be first utilized in 1965 whilst President Lyndon B. Johnson issued government Order 11246, which referred to as upon government-funded contractors to "take affirmative motion" to make sure that candidates have been hired with out regard to race, colour, faith, or nationwide beginning. Affirmative motion remains to be a tremendous and emotionally charged political factor in society at the present time. Affirmative motion, a brand new identify within the Library in a e-book sequence, serves because the excellent start line for examine in this hotly contested subject. delivering a dispassionate, even-handed assessment, this e-book offers the newest precis of its felony, political, and social facets, providing scholars and researchers an impartial examine the topic. assurance contains: The background of legalized inequality within the usa, from the Civil struggle to the current; quite a few positions at the factor of affirmative motion; info on significant arenas during which affirmative motion performs a job, resembling balloting rights, collage admissions, and employment; Key proceedings, laws, govt orders, and referendums on affirmative motion; short biographies of key participants all in favour of affirmative motion, together with activists, politicians, and felony students; A word list of comparable political, felony, and different phrases; an inventory of businesses and companies concerning affirmative motion; designated appendixes, together with excerpts from key lawsuits.
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Additional resources for Affirmative Action (Library in a Book)
In the same way, Burger said, employment policies had to genuinely offer equality of opportunity. They could not pretend to offer opportunity 35 Affirmative Action in a form that made it impossible for a whole class of people to accept. ” Therefore, they were likely to do less well on standardized tests. This did not necessarily mean that they could not do well at a particular job. Any test that an employer instituted had to be shown to be directly related to the job in question; a general test offered too many opportunities for discrimination.
Louis County and the City of St. 8 percent of Hazelwood’s teachers were black, in 1972–73 and 1973–74, respectively, there was clearly a prima facie case of discrimination. The appeals court also cited Hazelwood’s discriminatory hiring procedures. ” However, the Court found, the appeals court had erred in not sending the case back to the district court so that more statistical evidence could be gathered, since Hazelwood’s hiring practices might have changed after the 1964 Civil Rights Act had been passed.
A similar anti–affirmative action lawsuit was brought in 1999 by another law firm in Georgia. In all but one case, courts have found for the plaintiff, leading to the end of affirmative action in higher education in Georgia, Texas, and Washington; the Michigan case is still pending. THE FUTURE OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION As George W. Bush completes the early years of his presidency, the present and future status of afﬁrmative action is unclear. Bush, like his father, has taken a moderate position on afﬁrmative action and nominated even more women and people of color to his cabinet than the liberal civil rights supporter President Clinton.