By Öznur Sevdiren
The booklet makes a speciality of some of the most troublesome components of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding development within the legal inhabitants, and compares Turkey with significant eu international locations during this admire: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying query through the learn is the level to which felony possible choices could be visible as actual possible choices to instant custodial sentences.
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Extra info for Alternatives to Imprisonment in England and Wales, Germany and Turkey: A Comparative Study
Going one step further, the reformers of this age began to seek for alternative sentences which could replace custodial sentences in certain cases. However, without an accompanying shift in the perceptions of crime and punishment, such a change would certainly have been unthinkable. 3 The Intellectual Background of Alternatives to Imprisonment The classical school regarded imprisonment as the most adequate method of punishment. 20 In this sense, it may be 16 Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (1832) The Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders, J.
Indeed, at this period recidivism aroused great concern. 14 Offenders of this kind were seen as being “in a state of absolute antagonism to society”,15 affording no hopes of the improvement of their morals. In accordance with this point of view, it was thought that confining first offenders together with habitual and repeated offenders would constitute a serious obstacle to the rehabilitation of the former. One way of preventing this contagious effect of the prison might be the separation of the former from the latter kind of offenders.
Lastly, the danger that the ‘moral infection’ that the gathering of convicts would cause was regarded as a possible counter-productive effect of forced labour, which was deemed practically no less harmful than in the case of short-term imprisonment. 51 von Liszt, op. , vol. 1, Kriminalpolitische Aufgaben, p. 347. , p. 382. 53 Ibid. , in Mitteilungen der Internationalen Kriminalistischen Vereinigung (1889), p. 45, Mitteilungen der Internationalen Kriminalistischen Vereinigung (1892), vol. 3, pp.