By Sylvia K. Blood
Are medical 'facts' approximately physique photograph adequate to outline conceptions of normality?
Reassessing Experimental Psychology from a severe viewpoint, Sylvia Blood demonstrates how its learn into physique photo should be misused and liable to misuse. Classifying girls who event misery and anxiousness with foodstuff, consuming and physique measurement as ache 'body photo disturbance' or 'body snapshot dissatisfaction', it could actually reproduce dominant assumptions approximately language, which means and subjectivity. Experimental psychology's discourse approximately physique photo has lately turn into extra greatly influential, changing into popularised via domain names corresponding to women’s magazines, during which mental specialists supply 'facts' approximately women's 'body photograph problems', and supply suggestion and mental treatments.
With acute cross-disciplinary know-how Body paintings: The Social building of Women's physique Image exposes the assumptions at paintings within the tools and standing of experimental ways. Penetrating past the standard dichotomy among experimental and well known psychology, this publication illuminates a few of the ways that women's magazines have embraced experimental psychology's remedy of the problem. Drawing on her adventure in medical Psychology, Sylvia Blood highlights the dangerous results of uncritically experimental perspectives of physique picture. She is going directly to complicated not just an alternate version of discursive building but in addition the results of any such concept for medical practice.
Merging thought and medical event, Sylvia Blood exposes the fallacies approximately women’s our bodies that underpin experimental psychology's physique photo study. She demonstrates the harmful effects of those fallacies being authorised as truths in well known texts and within the speak of 'everyday' women.
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Extra resources for Body Work The Social Construction of Women's Body Image (Women and Psychology)
He reported that he and his colleagues tested more than 100 women free of eating disorder symptoms and 95% of the women over-estimated their body size – on average one-fourth larger than they really were. Why do people, especially women, have distorted body images? [asks Thompson]. There are at least two rival theories. Some researchers believe 20 EXPERIMENTAL BODY IMAGE RESEARCH that distortion results from a perceptual defect: people who over-estimate body size may have a visual–spatial problem in brain function that interferes with accurate perception.
Were told to first rate themselves on the basis of a logical rational assessment of the facts’ and secondly to rate themselves ‘based on what you feel about your body at this moment’. The authors reported: If there had been a difference between the ratings, we would have suspected an emotional or cognitive problem. But since there was no real difference for most of the women between the two sets of ratings, we believe that in their case a perceptual defect may have prevented them from describing themselves accurately.
1976), both of which produced negative results. However, it is unlikely that their exclusion will affect the overall conclusions, given the small numbers involved’ (Slade, 1985: 257). This means that the two studies omitted showed a result in the reverse direction, for example, Garner et al. (1976: 330) found that ‘all groups over-estimated all four body regions’. Such an omission can change the result of a statistical test and there is a strong possibility that had all the data been included the result, and therefore the conclusion, would have been different.