By Robert Jungk
An account of the notable scientists who found that nuclear fission used to be attainable after which turned thinking about its implications. Index. Translated by means of James Cleugh.
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Extra resources for Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (Paperback)
Fa, - fa,p') along the first-order transition curves. 1), then the Preisach model and the given transducer will have the same input-output relationships provided that the wiping-out and congruency properties hold for the transducer. l(rx, /3) is determined. The induction argument will be used to prove that the same statement holds for higher-order transition curves as well. Let us assume that the above statement 3 Experimental Determination of J1(a, fJ). Representation Theorem 25 r Fig. 29 is true for transition curves with number 1, 2, ...
L(a, f3). This is exactly what happened when the "statistical instability" was discovered (see [18J). Thus, from the phenomenological point of view, the origin of "statistical instability" comes from the fact that the wipingout and congruency properties may not be exactly satisfied for actual hysteresis nonlinearities. Under these circumstances, the Preisach model can not serve as an absolutely accurate representation for actual hysteresis nonliIiearities, but it can still be used as an approximation.
21). The above monotonic decrease of input modifies the previous a - Pdiagram shown in Fig. 20. A new a - Pdiagram for the instant oftime when the input reaches the value pi is illustrated by Fig. 22. (fa' - fa,p')' s u Fig. 20 Fig. 21 3 Experimental Determination ,ofJl(a,p). Representation Theorem s 19 ex -+----~~~---~ Fig. 22 This function is equal to one-half of the output increments along the first-order transition curves. The next step is to express this function in terms of the Preisach function JL(oc, /3).