Download Building Stone Walls by John Vivian PDF

By John Vivian

John Vivian tells you every thing you must understand to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every thing from easy gear and fabrics to construction preserving partitions, construction in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, specific drawings convey precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.

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This slight "V" angle is often maintained throughout construction. Thus the outer walls of the structure lean in against themselves. Gravity helps keep the wall standing by pulling rocks down as well as "in" toward the wall's center. 28 Above Ground Building With the footing laid to ground level, lower Save Lifting the guidelines to what will be the top of the first above-ground course. This should be the average height of the thickest, heaviest rocks you have. No point lifting them any higher than necessary.

The tie stones keep the wall from consisting of two unattached outer layers; the tie stones literally tie one face to the other. II 35 Tie the Wall Ends & Corners Best Rocks at Ends Save the best rocks, those most nearly rectangular and of even thickness, for ends and corners. A wall end must stand on its own, and for appearance's sake the end stones should have at least one good square corner -or those at the outside edges should. Top stones should be the biggest you can handle. r like to keep the longest rocks for ends, so the end rocks will extend as far back into the wall as possible.

Or you may put in a culvert of metal or ceramic pipe. Most elaborate would be to dig ditches and have them converge at the culvert. Any amount of water flowing through a wall in time will wash and undermine ithence the use of a culvert pipe is recom52 mended. Seal around the pipe's uphill end so that the water doesn't work around it. Wall built across a slope should be provided with a drainage ditch on the uphill side. Install culvert through the wall where needed. Unless you have a strong hankering to try your hand at bridge engineering, better leave off your wall at either side of a moving stream.

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