By Gabriel Alfonso Rincon-Mora
The major educational source at the layout of built-in voltage references, from conception to real-life perform. Voltage References covers the conceptual background and scope of sensible layout concerns in the back of marketable and precision built-in voltage references. efficient for execs and comprehensible to amateur designers, this booklet offers a familiarity with uncomplicated rudimentary layout in addition to precision state of the art ones. additionally coated are the layout implications on SOC ideas, and low-voltage, low-power, and noisy mixed-signal environments. greater with layout examples, this quantity increases the reader's knowing of analog built-in circuits and the problems enthusiastic about generating commercially marketable and trustworthy units. fundamental subject matters contain: * the full layout of built-in voltage references * fundamentals of voltage references, from diodes and present mirrors to temperature-dependent present references * layout of zero-order, first-order, second-order, and higher-order reference circuits * state of the art curvature-correction concepts * sensible layout problems with built-in references, from errors assets and circuit topologies to trimming circuits, package-shift results, and characterization Voltage References is a necessary publication for IC designers, product engineers, try out engineers, researchers, and professors, in addition to undergraduate and graduate scholars.