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By Lszl P'Ter, Stephen G. Burnett, Mikls Lojk

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18 chapter one act on the recommendation of his own commission and instead ordered the return of the confiscated books to their Jewish owners, Pfefferkorn and his backers in the Dominican order, above all Jacob Hoogstraten, were furious. They blamed Reuchlin for the failure of their campaign and sought revenge against him. Johannes Pfefferkorn published Handspiegel (1511), in which he condemned the Talmud and blamed Reuchlin for saving it from destruction, citing Reuchlin’s report to the emperor and raising doubts about his honor and integrity.

54 Conrad Pellican had an even more difficult time learning Hebrew Brecht, Martin Luther, 1: 319–322, 460. Stephen G. Burnett, “Jüdische Vermittler des Hebräischen und ihrer christlichen Schüler im Spätmittelalter,” in: Wechselseitige Wahrnehmung der Religionen im Spätmittelalter und in der Frühen Neuzeit, eds. Ludger Grenzmann, Thomas Haye, Nikolaus Henkel and Thomas Kaufmann, Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, n. s. 4 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2009), 173–188, here 173–74, 181–82.

The next year Leipzig University would follow Wittenberg’s example, hiring Johannes Cellarius. 81 Wealthy or powerful patrons who were motivated by an interest in biblical humanism arranged for the introduction of Hebrew into university education. Pope Leo X, Duke Georg of Saxony, and King Francis I opposed the Reformation throughout their lives, but they also supported Hebrew and Greek learning. King Henry VIII famously wrote against Luther, opposed papal supremacy, and also supported Hebrew learning through his foundation of Hebrew professorships.

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